• Mechanisms driving fat accumulation in Dercum's disease investigated


Mechanisms driving fat accumulation in Dercum's disease investigated

Feb 06 2012

Researchers using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry have found differences in desatrase activity among sufferers of Dercum’s disease (DD), compared with obese control subjects and subjects with familial multiple lipomatosis (FML).

The research opens up new avenues for exploration in relation to desaturation index (DI) of DD, multiple symmetric lipomatosis (MSL) and FML, providing further information on adipose tissue fatty acid metabolism in these disorders. The potential relationship between the DI and adipokines or adiposity measures in obesity and Reactive Airways Dysfunction Syndrome (RADs) may now be explored.

Researchers obtained subcutaneous adipose tissue from human participants with DD, MSL,FML and obese controls and determined fatty acid composition by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry.  The DIs (palmitoleic/palmitic, oleic/stearic, vaccenic/stearic ratios) were calculated from the gas chromatogram peak intensities. Finally, Spearman's correlations between the DIs and available clinical or biochemical data were performed.

The results showed that in DD subjects, the vaccenic and stearic index was lower in comparison to Controls. The saturated fatty acid myristic acid was higher in DD compared with Controls and FML, and the per cent of monounsaturated vaccenic acid in DD trended lower when compared with Controls, and was decreased in comparison to FML.

Posted by Fiona Griffiths

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