Developing Robust Chromatographic Methodologies
Jun 14 2017 Comments 0
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The world of chromatography is changing; laboratory scientists are moving away from being chromatographers to being chromatography users, and therefore there is a greater onus on the developers of chromatographic methods to make them more robust or at least have a greater understanding of what could cause them to fail. In this edition of Help Desk, we will discuss the implications of this for developing methods that will ultimately be transferred, either to different departments or to different organisations such as contract research organisations (CRO’s) or contract manufacturing organisations (CMO’s). Two issues will be highlighted, one of which has been previously discussed on the HelpDesk, both may seem trivial but both can have a significant effect on the performance of the assay.
When developing methods, chromatographers tend to focus on the immediate problem of being able to separate the various components of the sample. This can lead to a situation where the separation is optimised on a particular HPLC system, but if the assay is transferred to a different HPLC system it may actually change the retention times of individual components and as a consequence alter the elution order. This has obvious implications for assays that use detectors that are not discriminating, such as UV or ELSD, where the retention time is the primary descriptor for determining the analyte. As well as the effect a different pump can have it is also important to consider the effect of using other components that are different. In particular, the detector can have an effect on the integrity of the sample.
The HelpDesk was asked to be involved in developing a method for a customer. The method worked well and was validated and was used with real samples with no issues. Eventually the customer looked to outsource the method and this is where the problem started. The contractor received the method and came back to the client and stated that the method was not working, as there was a shift in the retention times of some of the components. Initially it was assumed that the contractor had purchased a column that was not working, and so proceeded to get a replacement which also suffered from the same fate.
So, the method went back to the original customer to check that the assay was working, and sure enough there was not a problem. As happens in this situation there then ensued an investigation into the method parameters to determine the stability of the assay, and during this phase it was determined that the isocratic portion of the method resulted in some movement of the compounds along the column which was affected by the delay volume of the pump. The original customer had used a very low dwell volume pumping system to develop th
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