Help Desk

What is 'Third Hand Smoke'? — Chromatography Investigates

Mar 02 2018 Read 701 Times

Many people know that cigarette smoke is hazardous to health. Health campaigners, Government reports and the NHS ‘Smokefree’ services are all keen to help smokers quit the habit. But once they have quit, is that the end of the risk? Is there a lingering legacy of smoking in public spaces after smoking has ceased? Welcome to the world of third hand smoke.

First, second and third hand smoke

First hand smoke is just the smoke inhaled by the smoker themselves. It is the most dangerous form of smoke and despite protestations in some quarters, it has been shown to cause many diseases including lung cancer, respiratory illnesses and heart disease. The primary reasons why health campaigners try and reduce the incidence of smoking.

The health risks of second hand smoke are less than those associated with first hand smoke but are still extremely damaging. Inhalation of second hand smoke — also known as passive smoking — can still cause cancer. It is reported that passive smoking can increase a non-smokers risk of getting lung cancer by a quarter. Second hand smoke is particularly dangerous for children — with an increased risk of asthma, infections and cot death all attributed to second hand smoke.

So, what is third hand smoke? Basically, it is the residual chemicals, including nicotine, that is left on surfaces due to cigarette smoke. Clothes, furniture, walls and tables are all surfaces that can become contaminated with smoke. In places where smoking was commonplace — homes, pubs etc — then third hand smoke residues can build up over time.

Report finds lingering smoke

Scientists at San Diego State University have published a report in Tobacco ControlA Casino goes smoke free: a longitudinal study of secondhand and thirdhand smoke pollution and exposure — to see how long residual smoke can remain on surfaces after smoking ceases. They monitored third hand smoke in a Northern California casino and found that even after six months toxic tobacco residues remained above levels found in hotels with smoking bans. In a press release they said: “The casino was much more polluted with thirdhand smoke than any nonsmoker home we have examined to date”.

They used liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry to analyse samples taken before and after a smoking ban at the casino. The use of chromatography and mass spectrometry is discussed in the article, Ion Suppression from HPLC Columns. They report that intensive cleaning is needed — and in some cases replacing the surface — to make the environment safer and free from third hand smoke.

Read comments0

Do you like or dislike what you have read? Why not post a comment to tell others / the manufacturer and our Editor what you think. To leave comments please complete the form below. Providing the content is approved, your comment will be on screen in less than 24 hours. Leaving comments on product information and articles can assist with future editorial and article content. Post questions, thoughts or simply whether you like the content.

Digital Edition

Chromatography Today - March 2018 Volume 11 Issue 1

March 2018

In This Issue... Articles - Industrial Applications of Offline and Online Comprehensive Gas Chromatography - Improving Workflow in Group-Type GC×GC Analysis of Petrochemicals - Identifi ca...

View all digital editions


China Lab 2018

Mar 27 2018 Guangzhou, China


Apr 10 2018 Munich, Germany


May 13 2018 Riva del Garda, Italy

ASMS Conference

Jun 03 2018 San Diego, CA, USA


Jun 11 2018 Frankfurt, Germany

View all events