Electrophoretic Separations

A New Separation Tool for a Broad Range of Analytical Challenges: UltraPerformance Convergence Chromatography

Dec 22 2012

Author: Christopher J. Hudalla, Patrick D. McDonald on behalf of Waters Corporation

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J. Calvin Giddings envisioned that a convergence of the respective benefits of gas chromatography [GC]—higher mobile phase diffusion and efficiency—and liquid chromatography—higher selectivity via orthogonal modes of separation—might be accomplished by using a supercritical fluid as the mobile phase, together with LC stationary phases. Supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2) is a ‘green’, non-toxic, inexpensive, highly compressible solvent; its low viscosity may decrease operating pressure while increasing efficiency for a given particle size and linear velocity.1 By comparison, typical normal- and reversed-phase liquid chromatography (NPLC and RPLC) mobile phases contain toxic, higher viscosity, compression-resistant organic solvents. HPLC-grade solvents, especially those used for RPLC, including water, are very expensive.

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