HPLC, UHPLC

  • Should Doctors Prescribe More Chocolate?

Should Doctors Prescribe More Chocolate?

Feb 07 2015 Read 1607 Times

Imagine getting a prescription for chocolate — or told to eat up all your chocolate or you’ll not get any sprouts. It might be somebody’s idea of paradise, and whilst these scenarios are unlikely to happen, there are researchers who think that chocolate could have a role to play in a sensible balanced diet.

Let us take a look at some of the research that could excite chocoholics everywhere. First though — what is chocolate and is all chocolate the same?

Inside the Wrapper

Cocoa is made from the dried seeds from the cocoa tree, Theobroma cacao — which means ‘food of the gods’ — a plant native to Central America. The Mayan Indians used roasted cocoa beans to make a spicy drink, with the Spanish introducing cocoa to Europe in the sixteenth century. The beans are harvested, fermented, dried, roasted and then ground to produce cocoa mass, with further processing yielding cocoa liquor and butter. Originally consumed as a drink, it was in the Victorian era that a method of making solid chocolate was developed.

Chocolate is made from cocoa butter, cocoa mass, sugar, and vanilla — with milk chocolate also containing milk. The addition of milk is thought to make a difference to the health benefits of the chocolate. Dark chocolate has a higher percentage of cocoa solids than milk chocolate, typically over 60%, and contains no milk and less sugar.

Which components keeps you heart healthy?

It is in the Polyphenols

Polyphenols are a group of micronutrients that we consume as part of our diet. The health benefits of polyphenols, as discussed in this article on peaches inhibiting cancer cells, depend on the quantity consumed and how available they are in the food consumed. There are different types of polyphenols depending on the structural arrangement of the atoms — and one such group are known as flavonoids. Flavonoids are found in tea, fruits and vegetables, and cocoa.

Two of the major flavonoids linked with the health benefits brought by polyphenols are catechin and epicatechin, and both are found in cocoa. Flavonoids are sometimes referred to as Vitamin P, and have a backbone of two phenyl rings joined by a heterocyclic ring. They are formed as metabolites in plants. Studies have shown the benefits of consuming flavonoids including prevention of cardiovascular disease and reduced cholesterol.

Some foods, such as milk, can reduce the adsorption of polyphenols by binding to the polyphenols — hence the reason why milk chocolate does not have the benefits of dark chocolate. So how do you know which chocolate bar is the healthiest?

HPLC Correlates the Cocoa Content

A recent paper published in the ‘Journal of Functional Foods’ used HPLC to find a high correlation between the percentage of cocoa solids listed on a chocolate bar’s label and the amount of catechin and epicatechin in the chocolate. With the good correlation, you can simply choose a chocolate bar with a high cocoa quantity to help keep your heart healthy meaning it is simple to eat healthily.

Image Source: Chocolate Hearts

Reader comments

Do you like or dislike what you have read? Why not post a comment to tell others / the manufacturer and our Editor what you think. To leave comments please complete the form below. Providing the content is approved, your comment will be on screen in less than 24 hours. Leaving comments on product information and articles can assist with future editorial and article content. Post questions, thoughts or simply whether you like the content.

Post a Comment




Digital Edition

Chromatography Today - March 2020

March 2020

In This Edition Articles - Elimination of the Sample Solvent Effect when Analysing Water Solutions of Basic Peptides by HILIC - Method Development and Validation of Simultaneous Determinatio...

View all digital editions

Events

ISMM 2020 - EVENT CANCELLED

Jun 07 2020 Taipei, Taiwan

HPLC 2020 - EVENT CANCELLED

Jun 20 2020 San Diego, CA, USA

IMSC 2020

Aug 29 2020 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

ISC 2020

Sep 21 2020 Budapest, Hungary

MSB 2020 - NEW DATES

Sep 27 2020 Saint-Malo, France

View all events