• Is Vitamin D Linked to Type 2 Diabetes? - Chromatography Explores

HPLC, UHPLC

Is Vitamin D Linked to Type 2 Diabetes? - Chromatography Explores

Oct 25 2020

Type 2 diabetes is a relatively common condition which can have serious consequences if not treated correctly. Type 2 diabetes occurs because of the insulin not working effectively in the body. What causes this to happen is not fully understood and there are many factors that can affect a person’s susceptibility to getting diabetes. Diabetes can also lead to many complications, both acute and chronic.

In a recent paper published in the journal Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease, researchers in Doha, Qatar have investigated whether vitamin D deficiency was associated with one of the complications of diabetes, diabetes retinopathy. Could vitamin D levels be associated with diabetes retinopathy? Chromatography helped the researchers to explore any links.

Insulin in the blood

There are many causes of diabetes, and often people will have several factors that contribute to the likelihood of them getting diabetes. But the most likely cause is a genetic predisposition – it tends to run in families. Diabetes is the result of the hormone insulin not working correctly in the body. Insulin is released by the pancreas in response to glucose in the bloodstream. Insulin allows the glucose in our blood to enter our cells where it is used as fuel. If insulin is not working correctly, then blood sugar levels will rise above normal levels. This causes more insulin to be released.

If your blood sugar levels are always high, damage to your blood vessels can occur. There are many blood vessels in the eye supplying blood to the retina. Damage to these blood vessels means they can become blocked or leak. A reduced blood flow to the retina can damage the retina so that it doesn’t work properly. If left undiagnosed or untreated, this can lead to blindness. These complications, caused by diabetes, are known as diabetic retinopathy. This means that people with diabetes should have regular eye screening to make sure that retinopathy is picked up in the early stages where symptoms are not always noticed.

Vitamin D and retinopathy

In the paper referenced above, researchers studied whether there was a link between vitamin D deficiency and diabetes retinopathy. Considering the climate, it is perhaps surprising that vitamin D levels are usually low in the Middle East. The researchers studied 750 Qatari patients, 460 with type-s diabetes and 290 relatives without the condition. Blood and urine samples were taken after an overnight fast and analysed using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The use of these techniques is discussed in the article, Selective and Robust UHPLC-MS/MS Assay for the Determination of Acrylamide Levels in Food Samples. The researchers conclude that data showed that both 25(OH)D3 and the active form 1,25(OH)2D3 (forms of vitamin D) were highly associated with diabetic retinopathy.

 


Digital Edition

Chromatography Today - Buyers' Guide 2022

December 2021

In This Edition Modern & Practocal Applications - Accelerating ADC Development with Mass Spectrometry - Implementing High-Resolution Ion Mobility into Peptide Mapping Workflows Chromatogr...

View all digital editions

Events

ICMGP 2022

Jul 24 2022 Virtual event

ACS National Meeting & Expo, Fall 2022

Aug 21 2022 Chicago, IL, USA & Online

ACHEMA 2022 - NEW DATES

Aug 22 2022 Frankfurt, Germany

IMSC 2022

Aug 27 2022 Maastricht, Netherlands

EuCheMS Chemistry Congress

Aug 28 2022 Lisbon, Portugal

View all events