What is the Inventories Spread?
Jan 03 2018 Read 610 Times
From surpluses to shortages, oil stockpiles play a pivotal role in influencing the market. Every week the Energy Information Administration (EIA) releases a Crude Oil Inventories report that measures the seven-day change in the commercial crude inventories oil held by US firms. This has a direct impact on the market value of petroleum products, with the power to send prices soaring or plummeting.
Bearish versus bullish
The level of inventories influences the price of petroleum products, which can have an knock-on impact on inflation. If crude inventories surpass expectations the report implies weaker demand and can trigger a bearish trend for crude prices. The same scenario arises if inventories decline by less than expected. If crude inventories don't meet expectations it indicates high demand and creates a bullish market. This can also materialise when a decline in inventories is more than expected.
For example, in the week ending November 17 2017 US commercial crude oil inventories fell by 1.9 million barrels. This was 0.5 million barrels more than the expected fall. In the same week US crude oil stockpiles were estimated at 457.1 million barrels, which prompted crude oil prices to rise by 2.1%.
The sway of five-year averages
As well as short term fluctuations five-year averages also influence the market. This is known as the “inventories spread” and measures the difference between US commercial crude oil inventories and their five-year performance. If the spread increases it can trigger a fall in oil prices, and vice versa.
In 2018 market analysts are predicting a 2.5 million barrel drop in US commercial crude oil stockpiles. This is despite the fact that the American Petroleum Institute has reported an oil inventory rise of around 1.8 million barrels. If the EIA reports a similar prediction it would surpass the 0.6-million-barrel rise and maintain consistency of the inventories spread.
The 2018 outlook
As a result, a possible rise in the inventories spread could prevent oil prices from hitting a new high in 2018. Meanwhile, International Energy Agency Chief Fatih Birol maintains that the expansion in the premium and the rise in oil prices suggests a bullish scenario. He predicts that if global oil demand rises in line with OPEC’s current production cut that will continue to span beyond March 2018, demand could soon overtake the supply.
With oil surpluses a constant risk, refiners place a big focus on maximising efficiency. Championing lower cost, robust HRMS instrumentation, 'Selective Ionisation and Affordable High Resolution Mass Spectrometry' explores how the new method is revolutionising molecular characterisation in the petroleum and petrochemical industries.
Do you like or dislike what you have read? Why not post a comment to tell others / the manufacturer and our Editor what you think. To leave comments please complete the form below. Providing the content is approved, your comment will be on screen in less than 24 hours. Leaving comments on product information and articles can assist with future editorial and article content. Post questions, thoughts or simply whether you like the content.
In This Issue... Articles - Industrial Applications of Offline and Online Comprehensive Gas Chromatography - Improving Workflow in Group-Type GC×GC Analysis of Petrochemicals - Identifi ca...
View all digital editions
May 13 2018 Riva del Garda, Italy
Jun 03 2018 San Diego, CA, USA
Jun 11 2018 Frankfurt, Germany
Jun 19 2018 Busan, Korea
Jul 08 2018 Baltimore, MD, USA